Constitutional Preview and Review of International Treaties: France And Indonesia Compared

Dewi Nurul Savitri


The Indonesian Supreme Court and the Indonesian Constitutional Court are experienced in examining international treaties, although the Indonesian constitution and national laws do not stipulate this matter explicitly. The Constitutional Council of France has the authority to examine judicial previews of bills concerning international treaties. Moreover, French judges can examine international treaties. There is also the European Court of Human Rights, which has an important role concerning the control of conventionality. This article aims to promote discussion about the examination of international treaty cases in Indonesia. It begins by considering the international scholarly literature on integrating international treaties and the rank of international treaties in the national legal system. Then, this article discusses the possibility of the Indonesian Constitutional Court to examine judicial preview of international treaty bills and judicial reviews concerning ratified international treaties.


Constitutional Court; Constitutional Council; France; Indonesia; International Treaty

Full Text:



Assemblée Nationale [National Assembly]. “Fiche de synthèse n° 42: La ratification des traités.” [Summary sheet number 42: Ratification of Treaties], (accessed 31 July 2018).

Belou, Barrué. “Méthode et enjeux de la démarche comparative: la question de la comparabilité.” [Methodology and challenges of the comparative approach : the question of comparability]. (accessed 4 August 2018).

Bilkova, Veronika. “Report on the Implementation of International Human Rights Treaties in Domestic Law and the Role of Courts.” Report, European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission), 2014. (accessed 7 December 2018).

Capitant, David. Les Effets Juridiques des Droits Fondamentaux en Allemagne [Legal Effects of Fundamental Rights in Germany]. Libraire Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence [General Library of Law and Jurisprudence, E.J.A and David Capitant], E.J.A et David Capitant (2001).

Capitant, David and Karl Peter Sommermann. Actualité du Droit Public Comparé en France et en Allemagne: Actes des Séminaires Franco-Allemandes de Droit Public Comparé 2006-2007 [Actuality of the Public Law compared in France and Germany : Acts of the Seminars French-Germany of Comparative Public Law 2006-2007]. Paris: Société de legislations compare [Comparative legislation society], 2009.

Carreau, Dominique and Fabrizio Marrella. Droit Interntional [International Law]. Paris: Pedone, 2012.

Constitutional Council Decision, No. 74-54 DC (The Constitutional Council of the Republic of France).

Constitutional Council Decision, No. 2004-505 DC (The Constitutional Council of the Republic of France).

Constitutional Court Decision, No. 33/PUU-IX/2011 (The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia 2013).

Constitutional Court Decision, No. 13/PUU-XVI/2018 (The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia 2018).

Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe, “The European Court of Human Rights, Questions and Answers, Brussels (2016).

Dumali Agusman, Damos. “Status Hukum Perjanjian Internasional Dalam Hukum Nasional Republik Indonesia, Tinjauan Dari Perspektif Indonesia [The Legal Status of International Treaties in the National Law of the Republic of Indonesia, A Review of Indonesia’s Perspective].” The Indonesia Journal of International Law, vol. 5 (2008).

Dutheillet de Lamothe, Olivier. “Contrôle de conventionnalité et contrôle de conventionnalité en France [The Control Convention and the Judicial Review in France].” (accessed 2 October 2018).

Errera, Roger. “L’application de la Convention internationale relative aux droits de l’enfant et l’incidence de la Convention Européenne des droits de l’homme sur les droits de l’enfant, Comité franco – britannique de coopération judiciaire [The application of the international Convention of the Rights of the Child and the impact of the European Convention on Human Rights to the Child, Franco – British Committee on Judicial Cooperation].” Paper at Rennes Symposium, 19-21 May 2005. (accessed 25 May 2018).

Esmein, Adéhar. Eléments de droit constitutionnel [Elements of Constitutional Law], 6th edition. Paris : Recueil Sirey, 1914.

European Courts of Human Rights. “The Children’s Right.” (accessed 10 August 2018).

European Courts of Human Rights. “Questions and Answers.” Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

European Court of Human Rights Decision, No. 52701/09.

European Court of Human Rights Decision, No. 2260/10.

European Court of Human Rights Decision, No. 19113/09.

Faculté de Droit est Sciences sociales Université de Poitiers [Faculty of Law and Social science of Poitiers University]. Les Normes de Référence du Contrôle de Constitutionnalité [Reference normes of judicial review], LGDJ, 2017.

Gordon, Geoff. “Natural Law in International Legal Theory, Linear and Dialectical Presentations.” In The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law, edited by Anne Orford, Florian Hoffman and Martin Clark. United Kingdom, Oxford University Press, 2016.

Kaufmann, Christine and Johannes Chan. “The relationship between international and national law in China, Hong Kong, and Switzerland.” Paper at Seminar Comparative Constitutional Law, 2008. (accessed 5 December 2018).

Kelsen, Hans. Introduction to the Problems of Legal Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. Cited in Spaak, Torben. “Kelsen on Monism and Dualism.” In Basic Concepts of Public International Law: Monism & Dualism, edited by Marko Novakovic, 322-343. Belgrade: Alter DOO and Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Institute of Comparative Law, 2016.

Kelsen, Hans. General Theory of Law and State. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2006.

Le cours de “L’application du droit international dans l’ordre interne [The application of international law in the internal order]”. (accessed 26 May 2018).

Moderne, Franck. La Convention Européenne des Droits de l’Homme : texte integral de la Convention de sauvegarde des droits de l’homme [The European Convention on Human Rights : full text of the Convention for the protection of human rights], edition Dalloz (2012).

Prieur, Michel.prieur. “L’influence des conventions internationales sur le droit interne de l’environnement [The influence of international convention on the environment of internal law].” Acts of the essential meeting of the committe on the environment of the AHJUCAF. (accessed 20 June 2018).

Puspitawati, Dhiana and Ada Kusumaningrum. “Reposisi Politik Hukum Perjanjian Internasional Dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Tertib Hukum di Indonesia [Law Political Reposition of International Treaty in order to implement legal order in Indonesia],” Jurnal Media Hukum 22, no. 22 (2015).

Rivier, Raphaële. Droit international public [Public International Law]. France: Presses Universitaires de France/Humensis, 2017.

Sidharta, Noor. “Laws of Ratification of an International Treaty in Indonesian Laws Hierarchy.” Constitutionnal Review 3, no. 2 (2017).

Simma, Bruno. “The Contribution of Alfred Verdross to the Theory of International Law.” Eur. J. International 6, L.33 (1995).

Sloss, David and Michael Van Alstine. “International Law in Domestic Courts.” Paper at Santa Clara Law Digital Commons, 2015. https://digitalcommons. (accessed 30 November 2018).

Supreme Court Decision, No. 2944K/PDT/1983 (The Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia).

Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne. “Introduction Générale au Système juridique français et à la méthodologie [General Introduction to the French Legal System and Methodology].” 2016.

Von Bernstorff, Jochen. “Hans Kelsen and the Return of Universalism.” In The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law, edited by Anne Orford, Florian Hoffman and Martin Clark. United Kingdom, Oxford University Press: 2016.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 666 times
PDF view : 268 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Constitutional Review