The Common Access as Pro People Management of Natural Resources (An Analysis of Decision Number 3/PUU-VIII/2010 about Judicial Review of Law 27/2007)

Faiq Tobroni, Izzatin Kamala

Abstract


This paper aims to explore the new concept as an alternative management of natural resources (specifically Coastal Areas and Small Islands/CA-SI). In Decision Number 3/PUU-VIII/2010 (the Court Decision), the Constitutional Court uses the new concept as considerations to cancel the Concession Rights on Coastal Waters (CR-CW) as the mechanism of management of CA-SI in Law Number 27 Year 2007 about Management of Coastal Area and Small Islands (Law 27/2007). Some important questions in this paper are why did the Constitutional Court annul CR-CW in Law 27/2007? Whether the new concept offered in the Court Decision and consistent with 1945 Constitution? And how is the new concept offered consistent with people empowerment?

The revoke of CR-CW in Law 27/2007 is caused that the concept of concession is contrary to the norms of natural resources management in the 1945 Constitution and the spirit of people empowerment. The new concept offered in the Decision is the common access. In this concept of access, CA-SI is   regarded as the common property with the rules from members of the community itself. The provisions to access CA-SI  as  the common  property are also determined by agreements of the community itself. Management of CA-SI on the common access is in accordance with people empowerment. The consistency is shown by the relevancy of concept of common access to include three key issues of people empowerment (access, assets and collective  capabilities).

Keywords


Coastal Areas and Small Islands; Concession Right on Coastal Waters; the Common Access; the 1945 Constitution; People Empowerment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev216

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